How to Maintain Your EV in Cold Weather

EV in Cold Weather

EV in Cold Weather

It’s time to winterize your electric vehicle because most areas of the country will experience winter soon (EV). There are a few things you should do before the freezing rain and blowing snow arrive, regardless of whether you have been driving an EV for years or are a first-time purchase.

Even though drivers in colder climates are largely affected by winter preparation, EV owners in warmer climates should take some of these safety measures just to be safe. These tips go beyond what is often done to prepare a car for winter, such as fitting winter wipers, stocking up on ice scrapers, getting the car’s systems examined, etc.

 How is an EV affected by the cold?

EV in Cold Weather

Before moving on to the top suggestions, it’s important to understand how cold weather affects your EV and why winterizing it is so important.

When the outside temperature is below 40 degrees, the battery of an electric vehicle produces less current. If the battery is not fully charged and is left in cold temperatures for an extended period of time, it can almost completely discharge in a matter of hours.

When the temperature drops below 20 degrees, the EV’s range suffers significantly. Using the heating system while travelling at or below this temperature reduces the average driving range of an EV by 41%, according to AAA. As a result, it is critical for drivers in colder climates to take the necessary precautions during the winter.

  1. Heat up the Seats

Unlike conventional vehicles, electric vehicles (EVs) do not have a gas-powered engine, so there is no waste heat to help warm the interior.

This can be avoided by preheating the cabin (as previously mentioned), then turning down the cabin heater and using the heated seats and steering wheel instead. This preserves a more effective battery and uses less electricity than heating the entire cabin.

  1. Precondition 

Turn on the heat around 30 minutes before you leave in the cold weather, while the car is still plugged in. This warms up the battery, allowing it to hold a better charge and extending the vehicle’s range. However, this must be done while the car is still charging to ensure that no additional energy is used from the battery to warm up the car.

Most electric vehicles have an app that allows you to precondition on command or on a predetermined schedule.

  1. Charge Smartly

Plan ahead of time and figure out when you’ll need to charge your car the most.

Set the overnight charge to finish as close to the time you need to leave as possible, rather than charging it the night before if you have to leave early for work and the temperature will be below 40 degrees overnight.

  1. Utilize Eco Mode
EV in Cold Weather

Each EV has a unique eco mode, but they all accomplish the same thing: they improve mileage by consuming less power by limiting the energy supply to the drive motor and cabin heaters. In cold weather, this can help improve battery efficiency.

Furthermore, because power is diverted away from the motor when in eco mode, most EVs accelerate slightly slower. This can make driving safer by reducing the likelihood of wheel spins on icy or snow-covered roads.

  1. Regularly inspect your tyres
EV in Cold Weather

All vehicles with inflated tyres should heed this advice, but EVs may be especially vulnerable to low tire pressure.

Tire pressure can drop by one pound per square inch for every 10-degree drop in ambient temperature (PSI). As the temperature drops, the PSI of your tire falls.

According to a recent ExxonMobil study, ideal air pressure is critical for EVs to reach their full battery range. With the right pressure, the vehicle’s energy efficiency can rise by 3% to 7%.

  1. When possible, use a garage
EV in Cold Weather

Undoubtedly, there are occasions when parking in the driveway or on the street is more convenient. And yes, there is occasionally a little bit too much clutter in the garage.

But keeping the car inside throughout the winter can make a big difference for EV owners who have a garage. The battery will remain charged for a longer period of time thanks to the garage’s relative warmth. Additionally, a battery kept in cold air for a long time will not function as well as one kept in warm air.

This also holds true for indoor parking lots at retail centers, sporting events, and any other setting where parking indoors as opposed to out is an option.

About the author

Meta Likho

Hey, this is your admin Meta. All the blogs are written by me

View all posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.